Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu was first developed around 1920 by Brazilian brothers Carlos, Oswaldo, Gastão Jr., George, and Hélio Gracie, after Carlos was taught traditional Kodokan judo and jiu jitsu by a travelling Japanese judoka, Mitsuyo Maeda, in 1917. Later, they marketed their own self-defense system based on Japanese jiu-jitsu and named it Gracie Jiu-Jitsu. BJJ eventually came to be its own defined combat sportthrough the innovations, practices, and adaptation of Gracie Jiu-Jitsu and Judo, and became an essential martial art for modern MMA. Governing bodies such as the IBJJF work worldwide, and set the rules and standards to be held in sport BJJ competitions.
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